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Research Progress
  • 13

    08 2021

    Researchers Evaluate Water Conservation Potential of Coal Power Industry Itself in China

    Although China has already committed to peak carbon dioxide emissions before 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality before 2060, the coal power is still a main source of power generation for the country. The coal power industry, the largest industrial water consumer, is facing extreme pressure, since China is a typical water-scarce country with 20% of the global population assigned only 7% of the globe’s freshwater. Thus, the effective water conservation is urgent for the sustainable development of the coal power industry. But little was known for the water conservation potential of the coal power plants at the provincial level. To solve this, the researchers from the Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology (QIBEBT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have evaluated the water consumption and conservation of the coal power industry in China’s 30 provinces. Coal power is still a main source of power generation for China. Coal power industry, the largest industrial water consumer, is facing extreme pressure, since China is a typical water-scarce country with 20% of the global population assigned only ...

  • 06

    08 2021

    Integrated Approach Streamlines Genome Sequencing to Advance Single-cell Technology

    A single cell can reveal much about the biological world through genomic sequencing. Scientists can compare a single, isolated cell to other samples, analyzing the differences and similarities to better understand how the organisms originated and evolved — or even to discover entirely new species. However, despite the rapid development of single-cell sequencing technologies, sample preparation is still lagging far behind and has increasingly become a major bottleneck preventing the broader application of single-cell technologies.
      A single cell can reveal much about the biological world through genomic sequencing. Scientists can compare a single, isolated cell to other samples, analyzing the differences and similarities to better understand how the organisms originated...

  • 14

    07 2021

    Seven Degrees from One Trillion Species of Microbes

    Global Microbiome Transition Network hints at origins and evolution paths of microbiomesThe Earth contains about one trillion species of microbes , including viruses , bacteria , fungi and protozoa — only about one-tenth of which have been identified .Such network structure ensures a strong degree of tolerance of the network against accidental perturbation such as an attack or an unexpected change in the environment . " We drew the first global microbiome transition roadmap to illustrate the potential yet most likely paths to explain the evolution process of global microbiomes . Global Microbiome Transition Network hints at origins and evolution paths of microbiomes
      The Earth contains about one trillion species of microbes — only about one-tenth of which have been identified. A single human can house 100 trillion mic...

  • 09

    07 2021

    Researchers Convert P450 Peroxygenase into Peroxidase via Mechanism-guided Protein Engineering

    In recent years, a research team led by Prof. CONG Zhiqi from the Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology (QIBEBT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have reported the highly efficient peroxygenase function of the DFSM-facilitated P450BM3-H2O2 system, but there is little research about the peroxidase function.
      Enzyme catalysis is a promising green solution for producing pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals, and biofuels. However, exploring their catalytic promiscuity to expand and enhance the capabilities of enzymes remains challenging.
      A research t...

  • 05

    07 2021

    Novel Strategy to Synthesize Low-molecular-weight and High Trans-1,4 Polyisoprene

    The Catalytic Polymerization and Process group led by Prof. WANG Qinggang from Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology (QIBEBT), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has developed a novel strategy, which is protonic acid and ionic liquid catalysis. The related research is published in Macromolecules. Synthetic rubber especially low-molecular-weight and high trans-1,4 polyisoprene liquid rubber have been widely applied. At present, cationic polymerization is the dominant way to prepare high trans-1,4 polyisoprene.However, it faces the challenge...

  • 05

    07 2021

    Novel Biocatalysts for Lignocellulose Consolidated Bio-Saccharification

    The Metabolomics Group of Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Processes (QIBEBT), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), has introduced an exogenous BGL into Clostridium thermocellum to construct two generations of CBS biocatalysts and achieved efficient cellulose hydrolysis and glucose production. Then, the researchers achieved high-level expression of BGL in C. thermocellum and constructed the third-generation CBS biocatalyst.
      Lignocellulosic biomass is considered as a great substitute for fossil resources for its advantages in carbon emission reduction. Because of the complex composition and recalcitrant structure of lignocellulose, efficient and low-cost lignocel...